University of Southampton OCS (beta), CAA 2012

Font Size: 
The archaeologist perspective on the use of procedural modeling
Nicola Amico, Sorin Hermon

Last modified: 2011-12-17


The study of the landscape and the analysis of the whole context of an archaeological site is crucial in archaeology in order to have an overview of the relationship among monuments and landscape or cityscape.

However manually modeling large three-dimensional environment is expensive and time intensive method for limited financial resources of the archaeological projects.

Procedural modeling is an approach particularly suited for accurate reconstruction of architectural Heritage, in particular for the fragmentary remains and formal architectural "rules" as derived from similar buildings belonging to other sites. However the reconstruction of a monument or a building from architectural remains in archaeology is a central issue for the interpretation of the ancient architectural technique. Most of the Classical building follow strict architectural rules, which have been comprehensively defined in ancient literature. By using the literary sources and converting them onto shape grammar representation it can be checked the reliability of the reconstruction.

Moreover it can be used as scientific data for visualizing several hypothesis of the same monument by testing the availability of the 3D reconstruction. Finally it enables analyzing the 3D model in relation to its context, in order to understand the spatial relationship among the different element of an ancient landscape.

The main aim of this work is to understand how the archaeologists can use the procedural modeling not only for dissemination purposes, but as a tool for scientific discussion about hypothesis of reconstruction.